During the past 25-30 years, the forest coverage of the Republic of Armenia has been cut dramatically. Besides, a lot of changes led to loss of the quality of forest ecosystems. The forest coverage is officially 11,2%. From the Climate change point of view, Armenia is considered a vulnerable country. Increasing the forest coverage, which includes afforestation and reforestation, is considered to be one of the most important tools dedicated to the mitigation of the Climate change.
The primary goal of reforestation is to recover disturbed forest ecosystems by implementing different strategies. These include: planting native tree species, sowing seeds in forest restoration areas, coppicing, as well as, promoting natural regeneration processes.
The recovery of previously forested areas is particularly important for the preservation of biodiversity, and conservation of microclimatic conditions. This guarantees forest ecosystem sustainability.
Afforestation is planting forests in new areas or in areas that were forested a long time ago.
Afforestation can be done in a few ways:
Together with DNP, located in the Tavush province, we have selected a reforestation site inside the Park which covers an area of 20 ha. With elevation ranging from 1600 – 1750 m this area truly belongs to mesophyll forest ecosystem, predominantly made up of Quercus macranthera, Carpinus orientalis, with sparse spots of Fagus orientalis and shrubs with a high domination of Crategus and rose shrubs.
During the economic crisis of the early 90s, high anthropogenic pressure turned many areas of this high canopy covered forest into a sparse forest.
Even with good undergrowth, small trees can not grow in height, because of overgrazing in this area. People were still using the national park as pastures which directly influenced the health of the forest.
Reforestation activities for this site includes fencing of the area, endemic seed sowing and tree planting. Seeds and trees will represent key species of the national park’s biodiversity.
Our afforestation projects will be done in Lori province. We will announce the locations here as soon as we have signed the agreements with the community authorities.